Reflections on Therapeutic Practice Guided by a Husserlian Perspective
In this article, there is a suggestion that the application of certain key concepts or procedures of Husserlian phenomenology can be helpful in the practice of therapy. It is well known that how a therapist is present to a client and his or her story is critical for the success of therapy. What is less clear, however, is how to address this "way of being" in therapy and what kinds of interventions are helpful to clients. In addressing some of these difficult issues, the Husserlian concepts found to be helpful are (1) Husserl's chief directive to go "back to the matters themselves," (2) the distinction among real and irreal objects, (3) presence to the order of phenomena, the phenomenal realm, (4) the intentional-fulfilling-identifying nature of conscious acts, (5) the phenomenological-psychological reduction, and (6) the discovery and description of eidetic structures of experience. These fundamental philosophical distinctions are taken up within a psychological perspective and elaborated and used within a phenomenological psychological perspective.