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Sustainable Development: Emergence And Application

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Chapter Summary

Sustainable development seeks to provide a solution to both environmental problems and developmental problems facing the international community today. The roots of modern sustainable development can be found in the World Conservation Strategy drafted by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) in 1980. It was not until 1987, however, that it gained popularity, with the publication of the much acclaimed report of the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). The WCED was appointed by the UN General Assembly in 1983 with the specific mandate to reconcile the increasingly polarizing debate on environmental protection versus economic development between developing and developed countries, which was hampering environmental protection measures proposed by international bodies. This chapter discusses the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED); Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 of 1992; and the World Summit on Sustainable Development and the Plan of Implementation of 2002.

Keywords: IUCN; Rio Declaration; sustainable development; World Conservation Strategy



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