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From Stockholm To Johannesburg VI Ario: The Emergence Of International Sustainable Development Law

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Chapter Summary

With the emergence of cross-border pollution issues such as in the Trail Smelter Arbitration or the Lac Lanoux Arbitration, however, it was realized by the international community that international law should ensure that activities within one state did not cause damage to the environment of other states. The Stockholm Conference of 1972, convened at the agitation of the Scandinavian states, succeeded in putting environmental issues on the international agenda. The journey of evolution, which thus began in 1972, culminated in 1992 with the adoption of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (Rio Declaration) by which time international environmental law had changed its course to encompass the concept of sustainable development. Sustainable development was advanced by the World Commission on Environment and Development which was established by the UN General Assembly in 1983 to find ways to reconcile the increasingly polarizing debate on economic development and environmental protection.

Keywords: cross-border pollution; environmental protection; International Law; Rio Declaration; sustainable development; Trail Smelter Arbitration; UN General Assembly



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