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Animal Welfare

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on animal protection (specimen protection), which is not environmental protection of animals (species protection). It presents a series of examples chosen mainly due to their trade related nature, which can generate illustrative examples in the WTO analysis. It is important to note that animal welfare discussions unfortunately often are sparked by an arising awareness of animal cruelty. The chapter presents examples to illuminate the complex area of trade-related animal welfare measures, and to illuminate that the different norms to secure animal welfare stem from different approaches to the animal, which leads to different levels" of protection. Regardless of whether the treatment of animals is determined from the notion that humans should act nicely to animals, that animals have feelings, that animals should have rights, the policies stem from morals and cannot be scientifically verified.

Keywords: animal cruelty; animal welfare; WTO analysis



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