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Chapter Summary

This is the conclusory chapter of the book, which illuminates the differences between animal protection in the environmental area and in the area of animal welfare. Environmental protection of animals inherently stems from the notion that the environment has a value for mankind, but animal welfare protection can also be considered as being anthropocentric. The issue uncovered in the book is whether these trade measures are legal in terms of the WTO rules. The book primarily analyzes GATT Article XX, which contains conditional rights for WTO members to enact and maintain certain trade measures that are otherwise inconsistent with the substantive obligations under the GATT. It focuses on sub-sections (a), (b) and (g) of the exception and verified Thesis 1, which primarily posited that in the GATT Article XX analysis, it is important to distinguish among the sub-sections.

Keywords: animal welfare; environmental protection; GATT Aritcle XX



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