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A Plea Of Humanity To Law: The Need For An Effective International Criminal Court

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Chapter Summary

Under Covenant of the League of Nations auspices, two conventions were completed by 1936: one for the Prevention and Punishment of Terrorism, the other for an International Criminal Court. The history of Italy's aggression against Ethiopia and Germany's aggressions against its neighbors needs no repeating. France and England, leading members of the League, failed to enforce their own Covenant. While delegates and diplomats and international lawyers haggled about details, acts of genocide, aggression, war crimes, and crimes against humanity were committed with impunity in many parts of the world. By 1974, as the Cold War was beginning to thaw, it was possible to reach consensus on a definition of aggression. Both the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) have only limited jurisdiction to try crimes in the specified territory during a fixed time.

Keywords: Cold war; humanity; ICTR; ICTY; International Criminal Court



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