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Forensic Sciences To Protect Against And Remedy Miscarriages Of Justice

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the uses of forensic sciences in general, and especially forensic genetics, for protection against miscarriages of justice, as well as redressing them. The term "forensic genetics" is meant to express the application of genetics to assist the fact -finding process in criminal cases. The first generation or category of forensic DNA tests was based upon the use of the "restriction fragment length polymorphism" (RFLP) technique. The second generation and category of forensic DNA testing was introduced as the "DQ alpha polymarker test" and was based on the polymerase chain reaction (peR) method, which was developed in 1988. The third generation or category of forensic genetics pertains to mitochondrial DNA testing (mtDNA). The fourth generation of developing DNA techniques relates to the low copy number (LCN) method, advanced in 2001.

Keywords: criminal cases; forensic sciences; low copy number (LCN) method; miscarriages of justice; mitochondrial DNA testing (mtDNA); polymerase chain reaction (peR) method; restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique



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