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Public Health And The Environment: The Case Of Tobacco Control

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Chapter Summary

According to the estimates of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death in the world. Despite the world trend to attempt to raise awareness on the adverse public health affects of tobacco, tobacco companies, according to a 2006 report by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, have increased the "addictiveness" of cigarettes within the last eight years. That report revealed that manufacturers increased the amount of addictive nicotine delivered to the average smoker by 10% from 1998-2004. As illustrated in the Thai Cigarettes case, domestic and international efforts aimed at reducing tobacco consumption are likely to have trade restrictive effects and, therefore, might be subject to new challenges under World Trade Organization (WTO) rules. The Thai Cigarettes case remains an interesting and important element in the history and evolution of both the necessity requirement and the issue of tobacco control.

Keywords: nicotine; public health; Thai Cigarettes case; tobacco consumption; tobacco control; World Health Organization (WHO); World Trade Organization (WTO) rules



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