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Explaining U.S. Policy On Shrimp-Turtle: An International Business Diplomacy Analysis

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Chapter Summary

This chapter adopts a "Realist" analysis, assuming that the U.S. government was influenced exclusively by foreign policy concerns, and presents the two most plausible answers to the question of why the United States enacted Section 609. It provides contradictory evidence to show why those answers are, at best, incomplete. The chapter then delves beneath the surface of U.S. foreign policy decisionmaking to reveal the domestic interests behind it. This approach, which the author calls an International Business Diplomacy approach, discards the Realist assumption of states as unitary actors. The chapter also examines the domestic political and economic interests involved in the U.S. domestic shrimp-turtle controversy to determine the potential and actual influence that they have on the U.S. position internationally. The chapter finally applies the International Business Diplomacy analysis first to the imposition of U.S. domestic shrimp regulations, and then to the passage and subsequent history of Section 609.

Keywords: international business diplomacy analysis; Section 609; U.S. domestic shrimp-turtle controversy; U.S. foreign policy



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