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Air Pollution: The Reformulated Gasoline Case

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Chapter Summary

The U.S. Clean Air Act (CAA) was originally enacted in 1963 and aims at preventing and controlling air pollution in the United States. In 1990, the U.S. Congress amended the U.S. Clean Air Act to instruct the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to issue regulations on the composition and emissions effects of gasoline in order to improve air quality in the most polluted areas of the country by reducing vehicle emissions of toxic air pollutants and ozone-forming volatile compounds. The amended CAA divides the market for the sale of gasoline in the United States into two areas. One area comprises parts of the United States that are considered more polluted. Here, only reformulated gasoline is allowed to be sold. In other, less polluted areas, the sale of conventional gasoline is permitted. The CAA sets out compositional and performance specifications for reformulated and conventional gasoline.

Keywords: air pollution; conventional gasoline; Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); reformulated gasoline; U.S. Clean Air Act (CAA); United States



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