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Reconstruction Of Proto-Japonic Accent

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Chapter Summary

This chapter establishes correspondence sets comparing accentual patterns of Proto-Ryukyuan and Proto-Mainland Japanese cognates, and then reconstructs Proto-Japonic accent for monosyllables, disyllables, and trisyllables. Summarizing the characteristics of the accent systems, Proto-Mainland Japanese accent is more complex than Proto-Ryukyuan accent; in other words, Proto-Mainland Japanese has more distinctions in accent for monosyllables, disyllables, and trisyllables. From the viewpoint of typology, both Proto-Ryukyuan and Proto-Mainland Japanese make use of locus and register distinctions in their accent systems. The chapter also discusses how these two different accent systems came to coexist in the system. It displays correspondence sets between Proto-Ryukyuan and Proto-Mainland Japanese accent for monosyllables, disyllables and trisyllables. Consequently, a reconstruction of Proto-Japonic accent for each correspondence set is given. There are four sets of accent correspondences between Proto-Ryukyuan and Proto-Mainland Japanese monosyllables. In a comparison of Proto-Ryukyuan disyllables with corresponding Proto-Mainland Japanese cognates, eight sets of accentual correspondences are recognized.

Keywords: Proto-Japonic accent; Proto-Mainland Japanese accent; Proto-Ryukyuan accent



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