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Chapter Summary

This is the conclusion chapter of this book that proposes a reconstruction of Proto-Japonic accent for monosyllabic, disyllabic, and trisyllabic nouns. In order to pursue this, the Proto-Amami, Proto-Okinawa, Proto-Miyako, and Proto-Yaeyama accent systems are reconstructed first. Second, based on these protoforms, the book presents a reconstruction of Proto-Ryukyuan accent. Proto-Mainland Japanese accent is reconstructed on the basis of three modern mainland Japanese dialects (Tokyo, Kyoto, and Kagoshima) and the dialect of Myôgishô. Finally, applying the comparative method to Proto-Ryukyuan and Proto-Mainland Japanese, Proto-Japonic accent is reconstructed. The book points out that it is crucial to determine natural accent change in order to reconstruct an accent system of a proto-language. Rules of accent change have been investigated by taking 'naturalness' into account, and formalization of 'natural' accent changes for the Japonic is pursued. In the studies of Japonic accentology, rules of accent change were formalized by Kindaichi in 1947.

Keywords: mainland Japanese dialects; natural accent change; Proto- Miyako accent; Proto-Amami accent; Proto-Japonic accent; proto-language; Proto-Okinawa accent

10.1163/ej.9781901903638.i-376.49
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9781901903638.i-376.49
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