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The Widow’s Tears And The Soldier’s Dream: Gender And Japanese Wartime Visual Culture

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Chapter Summary

Japanese school songs functioned, as a tool - not necessarily the only one, but one of the most efficient - in education, indoctrinating and brainwashing the young generation in all matters relating to morals, civic duties, and political views that the authorities wished to impose. Military songs appeared from then on as part of the official school curriculum. Sensō shōka ("War School Songs") are two volumes for the higher elementary school grades, containing nine and ten songs respectively, published by the Japanese Education Ministry. They can be seen as a midway station in the continual process of Japan's advance on the militarist path from one war to the next. A chilling confirmation of this can be found in the Japanese school songs that appeared at a later stage, in preparation for the Pacific War and in the course of it.

Keywords: indoctrination; Japanese Education Ministry; Japanese school songs; military songs; Pacific War; Sensō shōka



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