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The Scepter Of The Far East And The Crown Of The Third Rome: The War In The Mirror Of Russian Poetry

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the impact the Russo-Japanese War had on the Japanese domestic political process and examines the ways the war affected the progress of kensei, namely the constitutional government in Japan. Several scholars have pointed out the association between the war and the emergence of the first Saionji cabinet. Katsura-Seiyūkai negotiations resulted in a secret agreement about the transfer of government from Katsura to Saionji after the end of the Russo-Japanese War. The Russo-Japanese War increased dramatically the dependence of hanbatsu on the political parties. It stimulated the progress of constitutionalism in Japan for it stirred up public opinion to a new level that made large-scale liberalization possible, created necessary social and economic background for the advance of party politics and at the same time provided party politicians with a concrete means of putting pressure on hanbatsu forces.

Keywords: constitutional government; first Saionji cabinet; hanbatsu; Japan; Katsura-Seiyūkai negotiations; Russo-Japanese War



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