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Turbulent Decades: State Control And Resistance

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Chapter Summary

Amakusa has always been one of the poorest rural areas in Kyushu. Apart from fishing the economy is heavily dependent on sandstone quarries and a growing influx of tourists. The troops for the Korean campaign were drawn from Kyushu and some domains in western Honshu. Support was not unanimous, however, for shortly after the invasion was launched in 1592, a Shimazu vassal called Umekita Kunikane rebelled on the south Higo coast in protest against the Toyotomi regime. The most violent reaction against the authority of the Tokugawa regime during its early years in power was the rebellion that broke out in Amakusa and Shimabara late in 1637. The political legitimacy of the shogun was contingent on his ability to impose order, so the news that thousands of peasants from adjoining provinces in Kyushu had united under a Christian banner posed a major threat.

Keywords: Korean campaign; Kyushu; Shimabara rebellion; Shimazu vassal; shogun; south Higo coast; Toyotomi regime; Umekita Kunikane; western Honshu



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