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Second Nature And Revolt

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Chapter Summary

Naturalization occurs when one has grown used to an environment that was once shocking. One must be careful not to confuse this new 'nature' with the notion of modern society as a 'second nature', which was developed in the tradition of Western Marxism and used by Benjamin. It will be instructive to compare these two notions of nature. Fundamental to the theory of modern society, a 'second nature' is the insight that the domination over nature achieved in modernity not only liberates man but also creates new constraints since economy, technology and the world of social convention turn against him as the reified world of 'second nature'. The revolt was the alchemy through which timeless 'spectacle' with its daily shocks, the amalgamation of the worst elements of nature and history: myth and shock, was to be transformed and redeemed into a new configuration.

Keywords: Benjamin; Naturalization; revolt; Western Marxism



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