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Reducing Goryōrin

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By the 1930s, nearly two thirds of the total Goryōrin acreage lay in Hokkaido, with the remaining one third spread across Honshu from Gifu Prefecture northeastward to the far corners of Aomori. The magnitude of shrinkage in Goryōrin was a fair measure of the resistance to it. People had many reasons to oppose transfers of land to the Property Office, and often they collaborated in their resistance. Both officials in the central government and those in the hinterland, at prefectural, district, and local levels, raised objections to Goryōrin. Most important in confounding Property Office policy in Naichi were villagers, who opposed the inclusion of any nearby woodland in Goryōrin. A complex interplay of forces and factors thus shaped, complicated the Property Office's attempt to form a large and coherent, Fuji-centered Goryorin. From first to last, Goryōrin never achieved complete stability of size, location, or character.

Keywords: Goryōrin; Hokkaido; Naichi



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