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The Decision To End The War

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Chapter Summary

Devastating air raids by American B-29s had incinerated more than half of the capital city of Tokyo, and the State Chamber of the Imperial Palace itself was destroyed in the raid of 25 May. At the Imperial Conference of 6 September 1941 (Tokyo time) which initiated final preparations for war with the United States, the emperor had made a last, though oblique, appeal for avoidance of the conflict. On 18 June 1945, ten days after the Imperial Conference which had committed Japan to a last-ditch defence of the home islands, the US joint chiefs of staff finalized their plans for the invasion of Japan and received the approval of President Harry S. Truman. The majority of the staff officers who had staked their hopes on the initiation of a coup d'état were stunned into lethargy by the news of the Imperial Decision.

Keywords: Imperial Conference; Imperial Decision; Tokyo; United States

10.1163/ej.9781905246359.i-272.22
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