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The Emperor Hirohito In War And Peace – Confrontation With MacArthur

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Chapter Summary

The authorship of Article 9 has been a subject of controversy, with Shidehara and MacArthur as the two contenders for the honour. Emperor Hirohito had little reason for antipathy to the redefinition of the imperial system in purely symbolic terms. The members of the Japanese Communist Party, freed from their long years in prison, initially greeted the Occupation forces as 'an army of liberation'. The word 'democracy' itself was not actually employed; instead, the proclamation began by quoting the full text of the Charter Oath issued by Hirohito's grandfather, the Meiji Emperor, at the time of the Restoration of 1868. The Katayama cabinet, a coalition of the Socialist, Democratic, and People's Cooperative parties, came to power in May 1947, replacing the first Yoshida cabinet. It seemed that a successor cabinet has to be formed by the Liberal Party, but Government Section was opposed to another government headed by Yoshida Shigeru.

Keywords: Charter Oath; Emperor Hirohito; imperial system; Japanese Communist Party; Katayama cabinet; MacArthur; Meiji Emperor

10.1163/ej.9781905246359.i-272.84
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