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Neutralism As A Political Force In Asia In The Mid-1950s

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Chapter Summary

Neutralism, as a political discourse, was the essential medium according to which the Asian countries attempted, at the very least, to diversify the operations of international politics. US observers were also concerned that the concept of 'Asia-for-the Asians', with its implication that vestiges of foreign domination must be cast off, was central to the ethos of neutralism. This chapter explores some of the factors determining Japanese foreign policy in the early 1950s. As Keynes aptly put it, Bandung conference brought into perspective three political movements. Firstly, it brought into perspective 'the struggle of the independent nations of Asia and Africa to break loose from psychological dependence on the West, to discover and assert their separate and common identity'. Secondly, it highlighted the 'competition among the nations of Asia and Africa themselves for power and leadership; and finally the struggle between the communist and the non-communist'.

Keywords: Africa; Asia; communist; Japanese foreign policy; neutralism; political force



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