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US Attitudes Towards The Conference: From Revulsion, To ‘Benevolent Indifference’, And Reluctant Acceptance

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Chapter Summary

Bandung, along with its supporting principle, neutralism, which Dulles in a moment of panic branded an 'immoral and short-sighted conception', became ideologically intolerable in the US. On 25 January 1955, the State Department sent a circular to all the major embassies of the US Government stating that the Department 'continues to be concerned about the implications of the Afro-Asian Conference'. Effectively, Dulles succumbed to a policy shift and discarded the attitude of 'Benevolent Indifference'. The issue of the Japanese participation in the conference was of immense strategic concern to the US, for Japan was its most important ally in East Asia. The Final Communiqué of the event was an all-embracing proclamation to persevere with the positive political and economic aspirations of the Asian and African peoples. Zhou Enlai was the embodiment of the communist threat at the conference.

Keywords: Bandung conference; Benevolent indifference; Japan; US attitudes; Zhou Enlai



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