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Mother Tongue

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Chapter Summary

Belonging to the Turco-Altaic family of languages, Tatar originated thousands of years ago, but only became known to the world with the rise of Turkic ethnicities during the period of the Arab caliphate and subsequently during the time of the famous Golden Horde, when it effectively became the language of choice of the entire region of Eurasia, on a par with the Arabic and Persian languages. The rise and progress of this language of state management, trade and crafts, highly developed agriculture and a significant corpus of literature in the thirteenth to the fourteenth centuries did not stop after the collapse of the Golden Horde as a single state and became a lasting legacy not only of the Kazan, Astrakhan and the Crimean khanates, which appeared in its place, but also the diplomatic language of a rising unified Russia.

Keywords: President Mintimer Shaimiev; Russia; Tatar language



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