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The System Of National Division

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Chapter Summary

The typical pattern of the divided regime can be found in the governments of Rhee Syngman and Park Chung-Hee, in the ultra-right anti-communist new military and National Security Law (NSL) and in the monocratic political structure of Kim IL-Sung and Kim Jong IL. This chapter discusses the forces and factors that have contributed significantly to the establishment and consolidation of the system of a divided country. It begins with the period before separate governments were established in the South and North. The chapter also discusses the roles of the USA and Soviet Russia in this period, along with the activities and policies of the Korean political forces which played a major role in establishing the system of a divided country. It explains the theory of the central government of the South and North which played a pivotal role in forming, maintaining, and reinforcing the system of a divided country.

Keywords: central government; Kim IL-Sung; Kim Jong IL; Korean political forces; National Security Law (NSL); Park Chung-Hee; Rhee Syngman



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