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Rural Reconstruction In China

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Chapter Summary

The phenomenon the rural reconstruction describes is one phase of the reconstruction movement in China, including a variety of efforts to advance or direct the social and economic development of the rural population. Within the rural reconstruction movement, which is itself the product of diverse social forces, three main objectives can be observed: production, national salvation and better local government and self-discipline. The entire development of rural reconstruction seems to have presented three distinct trends. Rural reconstruction in China, as a social movement, is one phase of a correlated attack, on various technical fronts, on the problem of realizing a planned society. The movement pre-supposes that if china is to survive, it must modernize its social organization and vastly increase its working efficiency. This in turn means the application of scientific knowledge to community reconstruction from the village unit up.

Keywords: China; local government; national salvation; rural reconstruction; self-discipline; social forces



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