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Manchuria As Japan’s Economic Life-Line

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Chapter Summary

The strategic and economic importance of Manchuria is considered so vital to Japan that it is frequently referred to as the life-line of Japan. In a strategic sense Manchuria is regarded both as a first line of defense and as a valuable foothold on the continent. Manchuria is now the leading source of Japanese imports of coal, pig iron, soya beans and bean cake. It is an important source of industrial salt, ammonium sulphate, and oil and may eventually produce moderate exportable surpluses of wheat, lumber, pulp, cotton and aluminum. Yet the prospects of some of these products are not entirely bright and certain of them will involve competition with similar industries in Japan. But these limitations of Manchurian development may soon be supplemented by Japanese activity in North China where Shansi coal, Chahar iron ore and Shantung cotton offer fruitful fields of enterprise.

Keywords: Chahar iron; economic life-line; Japan; Manchuria; Shansi coal; Shantung cotton



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