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Mountain Economy In Szechuan

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Chapter Summary

Colonization in Szechuan is not purely a matter of increasing food production and settling refugees. It implies a very important problem in Chinese agriculture, namely the conflict between the traditional mode of Chinese agriculture and the frontier type of economy. The traditional type of Chinese agriculture begins to show an incapacity for coping with its natural environment as soon as it is carried up the mountains. Mountain land is used for forestry. Organization of Industrial co-operatives to attract the local population and to make use of the mountain resources would be far better than agricultural colonization. Mountain colonization really means resettlement and rehabilitation. This is a concept of standard of living or the livelihood of the people. Colonization along the line of traditional agriculture is a cost and income concept and, barring the question of cost, the income, if any, will not go to the people.

Keywords: Chinese agriculture; economy; mountain colonization; refugees; Szechuan



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