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The Good Earth Of China’s Model Province

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Chapter Summary

More recently a new reformist program has been advocated in Shansi, once known as the Model Province, by General Yen Hsi-shan, who wishes to establish a system of public ownership of land by the village together with a government monopoly of agricultural marketing. Even before carrying out this so-called reform program in land, however, General Yen had already begun to practice a monopoly of agricultural marketing. He taxes the opium fields heavily and maintains an opium monopoly by selling anti-opium pills. In like manner he taxes the grain fields heavily and wants to establish a grain monopoly. Yen Hsi-shan and his associates are still hesitating to carry out immediately a new program which is entirely and even obviously in the interests of the landowners. General Yen has said that he would try to put this new agrarian program on trial in the seven villages near his home.

Keywords: agricultural marketing; anti-opium pills; model province; new agrarian program; opium fields; public ownership



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