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Classics Of Early Persian Lexicography: Iran And Adjacent Countries

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Chapter Summary

A series of classic dictionaries of the eleventh to the fifteenth centuries has been preserved to the present time, thus enabling us to track the growth and emergence of lexicography in Iran and adjacent countries. The monuments of early Persian lexicography were studied by the writer from manuscripts and photocopies of manuscripts. The history of early Persian lexicography, as revealed in these early farhangs, may be divided into two chronologically overlapping stages: The genesis and development of the lexicographic tradition in Iran (including western Afghanistan), Central Asia, and Azerbaija. The emergence of Persian lexicography in India - in modem terms, northern and central India, Pakistan, and BangIa Desh. The unique role of this farhang in the formation of medieval Persian lexicography was noted by the authors of the earliest Persian defining dictionaries, who in many respects followed the principles developed by Asadi Tūs.

Keywords: Asadi Tūs; BangIa Desh; Central Asia; early Persian lexicography; India; Iran; medieval Persian lexicography; Pakistan



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