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The Rise Of Persian Lexicography In India

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Chapter Summary

Beginning with the thirteenth century and lasting up until the nineteenth, India was the major center for the development of Persian lexicography. Three major periods may be distinguished in the history of Persian lexicography in India: 13th-15th centuries: First Persian farhangs in India compiled. 16th-17th centuries: Brisk competition in Persian lexicography, 18th-19th centuries: Establishment of a tradition. The author of Farhang-i Qavvās, Faxr al-din Mubārak-sah Qavvās Ġaznavī, appears to be the founder of Persian lexicography in India. The early period of Persian lexicography in India, from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries, played a significant part in the history of Persian lexicography. This initial period of Persian lexicography in India set the basis for the future development of the Indian school of Persian lexicography, which reached its full bloom between the sixteenth and the nineteenth centuries.

Keywords: Farhang-i Qavvās; India; Indian school; Persian lexicography



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