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Structure And Presentation Of Farhangs

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Chapter Summary

Asadī Tūsī, was apparently the first Persian lexicographer to layout the entry words according to a unique and comprehensive alphabetical principle. This, the alphabetical ordering of entries by final, was the original structural principle of Persian farhangs of the early period. As a rule, dictionary entries in Persian farhangs included, in the definition of a more or less rare word, not only documentation of its literary use, but also a ruling on the correct, or usual, spelling of the word, and its correct reading and pronunciation. As seen from the characteristics of Persian defining dictionaries, it was a standing rule, beginning with the earliest works, to preface a farhang with an author's foreword. The lexicographer formulated in one way or another the motivating reasons that led him to compile a defining dictionary, set out his goals, and mentioned the problems faced upon undertaking the work.

Keywords: alphabetical principle; Asadī Tūsī; Persian defining dictionaries; Persian Farhang; Persian lexicographer



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