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History Of Persian Lexicography Studies

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Chapter Summary

The compilation of Persian lexicons in Europe must be traced back to the seventeenth century, when economic and diplomatic relations between Iran and the European countries started to develop, awakening at the same time a deep interest in the rich literary culture of Iran. The study of the history of Persian lexicography in Europe is generally assumed to have begun with Henry Blochmann's article 'Contributions to Persian Lexicography', which appeared in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1868. The next work on the history of Persian lexicography, Persische Studien, by the German scholar of Iranian and Semitic languages, Paul Anton de Lagarde, was published sixteen years after Blochmann's. Persian has been a multicultural language of empire, commerce, and literature, the intermediary between a superordinate tongue in the religious and scientific fields and the vernaculars (of Iranian, Turkic, Indic, and other families) of a broad cultural area.

Keywords: Europe; Henry Blochmann; multicultural language; Paul Anton de Lagarde; Persian lexicography



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