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Chapter Summary

The chapter reconstructs proto-Miyako using the comparative method in conjunction with internal reconstruction, comparing lexical data from four dialects that are representative of the main islands in the Miyako island chaind. His transcription is phonetic for the various dialects, but the reconstruction is phonemic. While this discussion is actually driven by phonetics, the author believes this unnecessarily complicates the issue from a phonological standpoint, as almost all scholars concerned view the vowel as a high, central, unrounded phoneme that is so high, in fact, that spirantization occurs. The chapter presents information for the two conclusive forms of two different classes of verbs drawn from eight Miyako dialects. Accent in Miyako is somewhat difficult to get a grasp of. Hirayama's team found that compared to the accent of Ishigaki or Yonaguni, the accent in the dialects of Miyako is "not very clear".

Keywords: accent; dialects; Miyako island chaind; phonetics; Proto-miyako; Spirantization



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