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Chapter Summary

Proto-Yaeyama has been reconstructed using the comparative method coupled with internal reconstruction, comparing lexical data mainly from four dialects that are representative of the group of islands known as Yaeyama, or western Sakishima. The four dialects are: Ishigaki, Kohama, Hateruma, and Hatoma. The author reconstructs a six-vowel system for proto-Yaeyama. There are other correspondences where the high front vowel corresponds to other various vowels, but these are treated in the section on problematic vocalic correspondences. The author concludes that the analysis as presented by Uchima is a bit simplistic, and does not take into consideration all these data. His reconstruction of proto-Yaeyama accent is based on four dialects: Ishigaki, Kuroshima, Hateruma, and Sonai (Iriomote Island). As Shimabukuro (2007:240) points out, the proto-Yaeyama system was complex, with both locus and register.

Keywords: dialects; Proto-Yaeyama; proto-Yaeyama accent; six-vowel system; vocalic correspondences



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