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Iraq

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Chapter Summary

At the time of Britain's first tentative entry into Turkish Arabia in 1635, as Iraq was then known, remarkably little was known about the country or its people. As in many other parts of the world in the period of Britain's overseas expansion in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the flag followed well behind trade in establishing a connection with Iraq. The East India Company (EIC) led the way. Britain's first connection with Iraq was therefore commercially inspired and was formed with Basra (called Bussorah), then as in modern times the main entrepôt, rather than with distant Baghdad. The entry of Iraq into the League of Nations as an independent country in October 1932 formally concluded Britain's mandate but, as Sluglett noted in his history of the period, the relationship between the British and the Iraqi court and cabinet changed only superficially.

Keywords: Baghdad; Basra; Britain's mandate; East India Company (EIC); Iraq; League of Nations; Sluglett; Turkish Arabia

10.1163/ej.9781905246588.i-314.22
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9781905246588.i-314.22
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