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The Embassy

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Chapter Summary

From the beginning of the nineteenth century until almost the middle of the twentieth, Persia's geographical position and resources made it of the greatest importance to the defence of India against the ambitions of other great powers. Persia was a profitable market for British goods in the latter part of the nineteenth century and became increasingly so as profits from oil increased during the twentieth. The British also had a strong intellectual interest in Persia's history and culture because of the fashion for exploration, the fascination with antiquity and the discovery of ancient languages, cities and monuments in the Middle East. During the nineteenth century, Persia was changing slowly from a medieval to a modern state. Britain and the Soviet Union had also formally undertaken to respect Iran's independence in Article One of the Treaty of Alliance between the three countries.

Keywords: Britain; defence of India; Embassy; Iran's independence; Persia; Treaty of Alliance



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