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Landscapes Of Nandalal Bose (1882–1966): Japanism, Nationalism And Populism In Modern India

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Chapter Summary

For Nandalal Bose, the art of landscape was a set of acquired symbols, which he used to challenge conventional artistic practices. Bose was among the first Indian artists to treat landscape as an independent subject. Swadeshi was triggered by Lord Curzon's partitioning of Bengal, an event widely perceived as an effort to strangle the growing nationalism in that region. Bose's Japanism might not have developed without the professional support and inspiration of Rabindranath Tagore, Abanindranath's famous uncle. Many of Bose's concerns were shared by Mohandas Gandhi, who likewise lamented the squalor of Indian villages as a social and national problem. The simplicity of brushwork and motif that characterize both paintings and many of Bose's other landscapes are striking departures from the highly embellished traditions of Indian painting. Bose made it a regular practice to draw and sketch. The pastoral setting of Santiniketan provided him with a wealth of subjects.

Keywords: Abanindranath; India; Japanism; Mohandas Gandhi; Nandalal Bose; nationalism; Rabindranath Tagore; Swadeshi

10.1163/ej.9781905246618.i-176.19
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