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The American Occupation And The Science Council Of Japan

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Chapter Summary

The creation of the Science Council of Japan was an epoch-making event in the history of science. The council is a representative organ for scientific researchers. It was widely believed that General Headquarters (GHQ) authorization had to first be obtained to carry out research plans, so researchers flooded Economic and Scientific Section, Scientific and Technical Division (ESS ST) with letters outlining research projects and requesting permission to pursue them. The model for Japanese scientific organization considered by Kelly was the American National Academy of Science (NAS). The Preparatory Committee began the process of electing members of the Renewal Committee in early April 1947. The Renewal Committee, which had been formed in August 1947, held a number of general conferences. GHQ, however, received only intermittent progress reports on its reorganization deliberations and had no opportunity to influence them.

Keywords: (ESS ST); American National Academy of Science (NAS); General Headquarters (GHQ); Preparatory Committee; Renewal Committee; Science Council



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