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Public Science In The Modernization Of Japan

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Chapter Summary

With the Meiji Restoration in 1868, the aspect of the scientific community in Japan undergoes a transformation. Western science had penetrated and spread in Japan even in the preceding Tokugawa period. The history of Japanese science after the beginning of the Meiji period is viewed as being in the main, history of the development of the methods of cultivating scientific institutions. The Western learning scholars did not expect to be read by Westerners; from beginning to end they addressed their writings to the general educated Japanese. Japan reacted most sensitively to the advance of the Western nations in the East in the nineteenth century. In the case of China, an independent country, an attempt was made to carry out the work of the third stage by its own hands, and to make the scientists so trained and produced at home take in hand the work of the second stage.

Keywords: Japanese science; Meiji Restoration; scientific community; Tokugawa period; Western learning scholars



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