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The Future Of Research – A Call For A ‘Service Science’

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Chapter Summary

Nearly a decade ago, Jerome Ravetz concluded his study of Scientific Knowledge and its Social Problems with a call for a 'critical science'. Briefly stated, Ravetz's proposal was as follows. The years since the Second World War had brought major changes to the scientific world. What had formerly been an academic activity carried on in a relatively isolated university setting had now become so deeply involved with the military-industrial establishment that science itself could be said to have become 'industrialized'. In the nineteenth century, academic science invaded the university where it found a reproductive mechanism. The term 'industralized science' would seem to describe the Japanese situation rather accurately, more accurately perhaps than it describes the situation in other advanced countries. Service science is defined as science sustained by a sense of solidarity with and sympathy for local residents and responsible to their standards.

Keywords: academic science; industralized science; Jerome Ravetz; scientific knowledge; Second World War



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