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Chapter Summary

Quasi- postpositions were remarkably stable throughout the history of the Japanese language and they do not present any impediment for understanding of Western Old Japanese texts. This chapter concentrates on four postpositions that are unique to Old Japanese: Nsimӧ ' like', saNpiy 'like', mӧkӧrӧ 'like', and pa 'every'. The postposition Nsimӧ 'like' frequently indicates a comparison with animals and birds, but this is not its only usage. The postposition saNpiy is a grammaticalization of the infinitive saNpiy of the verb saNpiy- 'to be like, to behave like'. The postposition pa 'every' is not attested in Eastern Old Japanese or Ryukyuan.

Keywords: Japanese language; Nsimӧ; Quasi- postposition



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