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The Role Of National Bulk Carriers In The Advance Of Shipbuilding Technology In Post-War Japan

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Chapter Summary

The start in 1598 of Tokugawa Ieyasu's reign as shogun of Japan marked the beginning of a long period of almost complete isolation from the rest of the world. This era of seclusion had especially detrimental effects on both shipbuilding and ship operation, for all overseas trade and voyages were prohibited and only coastal and inter-island services allowed. At the end of the Second World War the demand for American-built vessels quickly declined and many of the emergency shipyards began to close. When Henry Kaiser decided to leave the industry Elmer L. Hann, the general superintendent at his Swann Island yard in Oregon, moved to the Welding Shipyard at Norfolk, Virginia. This brought Mr. Hann into contact with the owners of the facility, National Bulk Carriers Inc. (N.B.C.) of New York, and he soon became their principal advisor on many aspects of ship construction.

Keywords: Elmer L. Hann; Japan; National Bulk Carriers Inc. (N.B.C.); Second World War; shogun; Swann Island; Tokugawa; Virginia; welding shipyard



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