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The Breath Of History

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Chapter Summary

Although Kazakhs were little known to the outside world until relatively recently, their name has been on European tongues at the very least since the eighteenth century, albeit in distorted form. The Cossacks were then taken into the service of the Russian Empire and it is from here that they became known to the West. They spoke in a Russian dialect and professed Christianity. Archaeologists have identified the remains of about 200 Neolithic settlements, spread over the entire territory of Kazakhstan. A new nation, the Turkic people, formed many states in the centre of Eurasia, many great steppe confederations and empires from the fifth to the fifteenth centuries. The Kazakhs were ruled by the Khan and the sultans, who had raised their genealogy to the status of 'Great Master of the Universe', that is, to Chinggis Khan.

Keywords: Chinggis Khan; Christianity; Cossacks; Kazakhstan; Neolithic settlements; Russian Empire; Turkic people



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