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Koji Sugi And The Emergence Of Modern Population Statistics In Japan: The Influence Of German Statistics

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Chapter Summary

In 1868, the start of the Meiji Restoration brought about the end of the long period of Tokugawa rule in Japan. The newly established Meiji Government began performing various types of statistical surveys in an attempt to grasp the overall picture of the country's situation. At that time, the government learned many things from German statistics. This chapter examines the details of what Japan learned from the German statistics and clarifies the effects German statistics had on demographic statistics in Japan. Koji Sugi is one name that cannot be left out of a discussion of statisticians working in both the pre- and post-Meiji Restoration eras. Sugi often asserted the necessity of implementing a census, but the Meiji Government had many other things that had to be dealt with, and there was no one in the government particularly interested in proceeding with a census.

Keywords: census; demographic statistics; German statistics; Japan; Koji Sugi; Meiji restoration; population statistics; Tokugawa rule



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