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Population And Family In Crisis: A Study Of Northeastern Japan In The Late Eighteenth Century

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Chapter Summary

In 1721, the Tokugawa government decided to carry out a population survey throughout Japan, by collecting population reports that had been investigated by every local lord and magistrate in their respective administrative area. The second survey was conducted in 1726 and after that it was carried out every six years. The last survey was undertaken in 1846. Dividing Japan into three, according to the survey the population of the northeast part was in decline, the central part was stagnant, and the south-west part was increasing. This chapter looks at the population trends of an individual town and some villages in the Nihonmatsu domain. It investigates the trend of population by sex followed by sex ratio. The fundamental factors to determine population dynamics are birth, death and migration. The chapter observes death by the year end record of each register, and through them a crude death rate is calculated.

Keywords: crude death rate; Nihonmatsu domain; northeast Japan; population trends; sex ratio; Tokugawa government



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