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Philip II And Toyotomi Hideyoshi

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Chapter Summary

In 1592 Japanese forces invaded Korea under the orders of the general Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Hideyoshi planned to conquer China, and demanded that Korea grant free passage to his forces. When the Korean government refused his request. Hideyoshi ignored it and, in the spring of 1592, ordered his forces to land at the southern end of the Korean peninsula. Hideyoshi's invasion of Korea was therefore a principal source of the instability that ensued throughout northeast Asia, and China's loss of control over the region had a strong and lasting effect on subsequent Asian history. The other incident of 1592 was Japan's encounter with Spain. These encounters between Japan and Spain during Hideyoshi's reign four hundred years ago well represent the distinctive characteristics of the Tokugawa period. Philip II and Toyotomi Hideyoshi never met, but the letters they exchanged certainly demonstrate that they were aware of each other's presence.

Keywords: Asian history; Japanese forces; King Philip II; Korea; Spain; Tokugawa period; Toyotomi Hideyoshi



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