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Labor Migration In A Pre-Industrial Society: A Study Tracing The Life Histories Of The Inhabitants Of A Village

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Chapter Summary

The population of Japan during the period 1721-1846, generally speaking showed decreases in northeastern area, stayed level in the central area, and increased in the southwestern area. The decrease in the northern area is thought to be attributable primarily to deteriorating natural conditions. In eastern and central part of Japan where the economic development was greatest and proportion of urban population was highest, nobody has ever spoken of any reason for stagnation of the local populations. This chapter examines migration in Nishijō Village, Ampachi County, in the Province of Mino. This is combined with a conventional static demographic analysis of the village and family reconstitution. The object is to show the significance of migration as found in this village. This chapter discusses the migration of labor, not migration for marriage or adoption. Both kinds of labor migration to be dealt are expressed in the term dekasegi.

Keywords: dekasegi; demographic analysis; economic development; family reconstitution; labor migration; Nishijō village; pre-industrial society; urban population



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