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Carpe Diem?: The Manchurian-Mongolian Independence Movements, 1912–22

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Chapter Summary

With the collapse of the Ch'ing dynasty in February 1912 and the subsequent power vacuum in Northeast Asia, Japan seemed poised to take a much greater role in Asia. Manchuria and Mongolia were prime areas for increased Japanese activity, and between 1912 and 1922, members of the various Japanese elites made numerous attempts to delineate a sphere of influence there for Japan, and to increase Japanese control. At the beginning of 1912, the most senior military figures among Japan's top leaders, Yamagata Aritomo, Katsura Taro and Terauchi Masatake, had all come to the conclusion that Japan should send reinforcements to the Kwantung Province, in the southern part of Manchuria, where Japanese troops had been stationed since 1905, to defend Japan's territorial interests from the consequences of the Chinese revolution. This chapter also discusses the Japanese assistance given to the second independence movement.

Keywords: Ch'ing dynasty; Chinese revolution; Japan; Katsura Taro; Manchuria; Mongolia; Northeast Asia; Terauchi Masatake; Yamagata Aritomo



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