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Inner Mongolia: Japanese Military Activity And Its Cultural Support, 1932–45

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Chapter Summary

The Japanese Army, elements of which had sought to gain control of Mongolia for strategic reasons for the better part of two decades, now saw its ambitions in the region supported to a much greater extent by the government and the bureaucracy. In the Manchurian Incident of September 1931, direct military action was successful as a means of furthering the Kwantung Army's continental aims, unlike in 1928, when the assassination of Chang Tso-lin by army hotheads had failed to garner widespread support from the high command. In the wake of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident and the Japanese military's seizure of large portions of North China, the Japanese government moved to have the Chinese Nationalists formally recognize the 'independence' of Inner Mongolia, even before the creation of 'Mengchiang'. The strategic importance of Mongolia was clearly more significant for Western writers.

Keywords: Chang Tso-lin; Japanese Army; Kwantung Army; Manchurian Incident; Marco Polo Bridge Incident; Mengchiang; Mongolia; North China



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