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Chapter Summary

The continuities notwithstanding, Christianity ( jidu zongjiao) in China has experienced significant changes and developments during the past two hundred years. The Catholic missionary enterprise became more complex with the arrival of new religious orders, congregations and societies. At the same time, the introduction of Protestantism (Jidu xinjiao) brought competition as well as infinite denominational variety to the mission field. Throughout the modern missionary era in China, relations between Roman Catholics and Protestants were often marked by rejection and undisguised hostility. These developments have to be considered within the context of significant economic, social and political changes and upheavals during the last two centuries. This is the introductory chapter of the book, which has been divided into three parts which roughly coincide with the major periods in 'modern' Chinese history, namely the late Qing (1800-1912), republican China (1912-1949) and the People's Republic of China.

Keywords: Christianity ( jidu zongjiao); late Qing; missionary; People's Republic of China; Protestantism (Jidu xinjiao); religious orders; republican China; Roman Catholics



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