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Chapter Summary

According to the statistics, in 1948, one year before the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Mainland China had 48 Catholic missionary orders of men, 63 native religious orders for women and 59 foreign religious orders for women working in 139 dioceses and prefectures apostolic with perhaps as many as 4 million Catholics. In 1949 there were 6,500 Protestant mission centres/churches to provide pastoral as well as various kinds of cares to one million of Protestant believers. With the missionaries' endeavour, the revival of the Chinese Christian churches had been so successful that it caused alarm in the government and a particular document (Document No. 3, 1989) was issued by Party Central, along with other regulations intended to curb the revival and growth of the Chinese Catholic Church through foreign assistance.

Keywords: Catholic missionary orders; China; Chinese Orthodox Church; Christianity; church growth; foreign religious orders



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